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…. when considering the presence of internal bleeding includes; pain, swelling or tenderness on or around the reported area of discomfort. Also, evidence of blood from a body opening, such as brightly coloured red and or frothy blood from the lungs, occurring after coughing. Other clues may include blood found in urine, bleeding from the penis, vagina or rectum. The colour of blood from the latter may range from bright red to black and “tarry” in appearance. There is a similar range of colour when blood is vomited; however, the darker colour is closely matched to coffee grounds and dark brown in appearance.
Managing internal bleeding prioritises calling for urgent medical help. While waiting, lie the person down, keep them warm, and observe them closely for changes in their condition. Internal bleeding is life-threatening.
Where there is no external bleeding to a limb but bruising is present, the guideline suggests applying pressure and a cold pack. If, however, the limb is causing severe pain or significant swelling is visible, or the person shows signs of shock, call for medical assistance as soon as possible.
Tomorrow we look at what the new guideline says about the management of all severe bleeding.
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Data and information are fact-checked against various recognised sources, including the New Zealand Resuscitation Council, Health Navigator New Zealand, St John, and other recognised entities specialising in the specific subject content. It should be noted that variances in protocols exist and where necessary are identified.