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…..walking around or in a sitting position. The signs of shock can easily be confused with many other conditions. Establishing a history of events will help with the initial assessment of a person. A rapid pulse accompanied by rapid breathing is not uncommon; however, the condition continues to develop, the pulse may become slower and weaker. Skin colour is likely to change, becoming paler with the possibility of deteriorating responses. In other circumstances, a fever accompanied by a low temperature, confusion and vomiting may occur. In some cases, a skin rash may be evident, and the person may produce less urine.

Causes of shock

(2) Insufficient blood leaving the heart.

The second cause of shock is linked to cardiac or heart-related issues. Shock may be evident during a heart attack or its presence caused by an abnormal heart rhythm. It is life-threatening because the heart is unable to pump enough blood around the body. Please note that shock is not always seen during a heart attack.

Tomorrow we will consider a third cause of shock….

For great health information check out Health Navigator New Zealand where you will find expert opinion online.

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Currently, there are temporary changes to the steps to be followed in resuscitation. These can be found in the video below or by clicking here to see the New Zealand Resuscitation Council temporary guideline recommendation. 

Click the link to go to the New Zealand Resuscitation Council Covid-19 recommended modifications for delivering resuscitation whilst the pandemic remains a threat. Click play to see a short video outlining CPR modifications that should be followed during the pandemic.

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To learn more from the experts about previously covered conditions click their logo below.


Data and information are fact-checked against various recognised sources, including the New Zealand Resuscitation Council, Health Navigator New Zealand, St John, and other recognised entities specialising in the specific subject content. It should be noted that variances in protocols exist and where necessary are identified.

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